What Happened On This Day – 1 August
1981 Music Television is launched
The channel, popularly known as MTV was mostly known for showing music videos and for being hosted by Video Jockeys.
1980 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir takes office in Iceland
The Icelandic politician was the fourth president of Iceland and the world's first democratically elected female head of state. Her 16 years of Presidency also makes her the longest serving female head of state in the world.
1951 Japan Airlines (JAL) is founded
The flagship airlines of Japan, JAL started operating on October 25, 1951
1936 The XI Summer Olympics are opened in Berlin by Adolf Hitler
Initially, Jews and people of African descent were to be barred from the games, however, a boycott was threatened by several countries and the German organizers relented. 18 African-American athletes, including James "Jesse" Owens and Matthew "Mack" Robinson, placed well in the track and field events, winning several medals.
1834 Slavery abolished in British Empire
The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 came into force a year after it was passed by the British Parliament. The act was repealed in 1998.
Births On This Day – 1 August
1942 Jerry Garcia
American singer-songwriter, guitarist
1932 Meena Kumari
1930 Pierre Bourdieu
1929 Hafizullah Amin
1819 Herman Melville
Deaths On This Day – 1 August
2009 Corazon Aquino
Filipino politician, 11th President of the Philippines
1970 Frances Farmer
1944 Manuel L. Quezon
Filipino politician, 2nd President of the Philippines
1920 Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Indian lawyer, social reformer
1714 Anne, Queen of Great Britain