What Happened On This Day – 26. August
1978 First German to go into Space
Sigmund Jähn, a pilot from the East German Air Force joined the crew of Soyuz 31, a Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station.
1966 Namibian War of Independence Begins
The 24-year long rebellion against the South African government began with an attack by the South African Defence Force on the members of the South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) at Omugulugwombashe. Namibia gained independence on 21 March 1990. Namibians observe Heroes Day annually on August 26.
1955 First Tennis Match to be Telecast in Color
The Davis Cup match between Australia and the US from the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, New York, was telecast on NBC.
1920 19th Amendment to the US Constitution Takes Effect
The amendment extended universal suffrage to women in the United States. Before this, women in some states could vote in local and state elections. The Amendment was first introduced in Congress 42 years ago in 1878 by Senator Aaron A. Sargent. In 1919, the Congress approved the amendment and sent it to the states to be ratified.
1768 James Cook Sails off on HMS Endeavour
The British explorer was the first European in recorded history to have visited the eastern shores of Australia. The ship reached Botany Bay in April 1770 and was back on British shores on July 12, 1771.
Births On This Day – 26. August
Mexican singer-songwriter, actress
1970 Melissa McCarthy
American actress, writer, producer
1966 Shirley Manson
Scottish singer-songwriter, actress
1910 Mother Teresa
Macedonian/Indian missionary, Nobel Prize laureate
1819 Albert, Prince Consort
of the United Kingdom
Deaths On This Day – 26. August
1974 Charles Lindbergh
American pilot, activist
1958 Ralph Vaughan Williams
1910 William James
American psychologist, philosopher
1850 Louis Philippe I
1666 Frans Hals