What Happened On This Day – 30. August
1999 People in East Timor Vote in a Referendum
The referendum was to decide whether East Timor should get more autonomy within Indonesia or whether independence should be granted. In 1976, East Timor, which had been a Portuguese colony since 1769, was taken over by Indonesia. The referendum, which came on the heels of mass violence in the region during the Indonesian occupation, passed in favor of independence which was finally gained on May 20, 2002.
1991 Azerbaijan Declares its Independence
The Central Asian country had been a part of the Soviet Union since 1920. In December 1991, a referendum was held to make the country’s independence from the USSR official.
1983 Guion Stewart Bluford is launched into Space
Bluford, a fighter pilot for the US Air Force and part of the crew of STS-8, the third flight of NASA’s space shuttle Challenger, was the first African-American to go into space.
1967 First African-American justice is Appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
The United States Senate confirmed Thurgood Marshall to the country’s highest court of justice. Marshall was also the first African-American to have held the post of Solicitor General of the United States.
1963 Telephone hotline Between Washington DC and Moscow is Established
The system of direct communication between the heads of then Soviet Union and now Russia and the United States was set up during the height of the Cold War when the Cuban Missile Crisis almost led the two countries to the brink of an active war. The hotline was used for the first time in 1967 during the 6-day long Arab–Israeli War.
Births On This Day – 30. August
1982 Andy Roddick
American tennis player
1954 Alexander Lukashenko
Belarusian politician, 1st President of Belarus
1943 Tal Brody
American/Israeli basketball player
1930 Warren Buffett
American businessman, philanthropist
1893 Huey Long
Deaths On This Day – 30. August
2015 Oliver Sacks
British/American neurologist, author
2013 Seamus Heaney
Irish poet, playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
2004 Indian Larry
American motorcycle rider, builder
2003 Charles Bronson
1879 John Bell Hood