What Happened On This Day – 1. Juli
2002 The International Criminal Court (ICC) is established
It is the first international judicial body that has the power to try individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. It was created by the Rome Statute, an international treaty that was signed in the Italian city of Rome in 1998.
1991 The Warsaw Pact, a defense treaty between 8 communist countries, is formally disbanded in Prague
The pact was founded in 1955, during the height of the Cold War, as a way to counterbalance the power of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Western Europe.
1979 The Walkman makes its appearance in stores for the first time
The portable audio cassette player was made by Sony and went on sale in Japan.
1908 SOS is adopted as the International Distress Signal
The 2nd International Radiotelegraphic Convention, which was signed in December 1906, made the Morse code distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·), the standard international maritime distress signal. Even though it was replaced by the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System in 1999, SOS is universally seen as a distress call and is often mistakenly thought to be an abbreviation of Save Our Souls or Save Our Ship.
1903 The Tour de France Bicycle Race is flagged off for the first time
The now annual multi-leg bike race lasted for 20 days with a course that stretched about 1,500 miles. The race was first created by the sports daily, L'Auto , as a way to boost its circulation. The first Tour de France was win by Italian-French racer, Maurice Garin.
Births On This Day – 1. Juli
1971 Missy Elliott
American rapper, songwriter, producer, dancer, actress
1967 Pamela Anderson
Canadian/American model, actress, producer, author, activist
1961 Diana, Princess of Wales
1949 John Farnham
English/Australian singer-songwriter, musician
1934 Sydney Pollack
Deaths On This Day – 1. Juli
2006 Fred Trueman
2004 Marlon Brando
1974 Juan Perón
Argentine military officer, politician, 29th President of Argentina
1964 Pierre Monteux
1925 Erik Satie
French pianist, composer