What Happened On This Day – 24. Juni
2002 Africa's worst ever train disaster kills 281
The crash occurred near Msagali, Tanzania, when a passenger train with some 1200 passengers rolled back down Igandu hill after its brakes had failed.
1982 A British Airways jumbo jet experiences a sudden total engine failure
At the same time, the crew observed a mysterious glow in the darkness. The Boeing 747's pilots had unwittingly flown into a cloud of volcanic ash caused by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, causing all four engines to flame out. The crew eventually succeeded in restarting the engines and landing safely in Jakarta.
1948 The Berlin Blockade begins
In reaction to the currency reform in West Germany, the Soviet Union blocked all access to West Berlin. It was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. Western Allies launched the Berlin airlift to transport supplies to the blocked area. In Germany, the planes became known as “raisin bombers” or “candy bombers”.
1901 Pablo Picasso opens his first exhibition
The 18-year-old Spanish artist was featured for the first time in Ambroise Vollard's gallery in 6 Rue Laffite in Paris. Neither of the two art critics that visited the show thought much about the works. Picasso went on to become one of the most influential artists of all time.
1717 The world's first Masonic Grand Lodge is established
Freemasonry is a fraternal organization that has counted among its members a large number of known intellectuals. Due to its secretive nature, many myths about their underground activities have emerged through the ages. A Grand Lodge is the governing body for a certain geographic area.
Births On This Day – 24. Juni
1987 Lionel Messi
1978 Juan Román Riquelme
1895 Jack Dempsey
1850 Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener
English field marshal
1533 Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester
Deaths On This Day – 24. Juni
1987 Jackie Gleason
American actor, singer
1908 Grover Cleveland
American lawyer, politician, 22nd President of the United States
1604 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford
1398 Hongwu Emperor of China
Founder of the Ming Dynasty