What Happened On This Day – 8. Juni
1987 New Zealand becomes a nuclear-free zone
The New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987 barred any nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed ships from entering the country. New Zealand was the first country to legislate towards a nuclear-free zone in the 1950s.
1972 Nick Út takes his famous “napalm girl” photo
The Pulitzer Prize-winning image officially entitled “The Terror of War” depicts nine-year-old Phan Thị Kim Phúc and other Vietnamese children fleeing a napalm attack. It has become one of the best-known symbols for the indescribable sufferings in armed conflicts.
1949 George Orwell publishes Nineteen Eighty-Four
Orwell's nightmarish description of a totalitarian society set in the year 1984 is one of the most significant works of English literature and one of the best-known novels of all time. The phrase, Big Brother is watching you, stems from this work.
1937 Carl Orff's Carmina Burana is premiered
The cantata, especially Orff's breathless rendition of the medieval poem O Fortuna, has been featured in countless works of popular culture, including The Simpsons, Last of the Mohicans, and Jackass: The Movie.
1887 Herman Hollerith patents his punch card calculator
The U.S. data processing pioneer, one of the grandfathers of the technology company IBM, used his revolutionary machine to process the large amount of data collected during the U.S. census of 1890/1891.
Births On This Day – 8. Juni
1983 Kim Clijsters
Belgian tennis player
1977 Kanye West
American rapper, producer, director, fashion designer
Indonesian soldier, politician, 2nd President of Indonesia
1916 Francis Crick
English biologist, biophysicist, neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate
1867 Frank Lloyd Wright
American architect, designed the Price Tower, Fallingwater
Deaths On This Day – 8. Juni
2009 Omar Bongo
Gabonese politician, President of Gabon
1982 Satchel Paige
American baseball player
1924 George Mallory
1809 Thomas Paine
English/American theorist, author
Saudi Arabian prophet