What Happened On This Day – 1. November
1993 Maastricht Treaty comes into force
The Maastricht Treaty that created a common currency, the Euro, for European Union countries came into force
1955 United Airlines Flight 629 blows up over Colorado
A bomb hidden in checked luggage of United Airlines Flight 629 exploded over Longmont, Colorado killing all 44 people on board.
1952 First large hydrogen bomb tested by the U.S.
The bomb, codenamed Mike, was part of Operation Ivy and was tested in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands.
1911 First bomb dropped from an aircraft
Prior to this, bombs were dropped using unmanned balloons. The first bomb launched from an aircraft was used by the Italians in the Italo-Turkish War.
1894 Nicholas II became Tsar of Russia
The last Tsar of Russia took over the reign of the empire after his father, Alexander III died. Nicholas was forced to abdicate in 1917 and was executed a year later along with his family.
Births On This Day – 1. November
1972 Jenny McCarthy
American model, actress, author
1967 Tina Arena
Australian singer-songwriter, producer, actress
1935 Edward Said
1871 Stephen Crane
American journalist, author, poet
1864 Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine
Deaths On This Day – 1. November
2015 Fred Thompson
American politician, actor
2012 Agustín García Calvo
Spanish philosopher, poet
1999 Walter Payton
American football player
1972 Ezra Pound
1678 William Coddington
American politician, 1st Governor of Rhode Island