What Happened On This Day – 19. November
1977 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat visits Israel
Sadat was the first Arab head of state to visit Israel and address the Israeli parliament, the Knesset. His visit came under severe criticism both in Israel and in the Arab world. Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 for their attempts to bring a resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
1969 Second Moon Landing
The second spacecraft to land on the Moon, Apollo 12 was the 6th manned flight of NASA’s Apollo program. Crew members Charles Conrad Jr. and Alan L. Bean became the 3rd and 4th humans to step on the surface of the Moon. The first 2 were Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.
1969 Pelé’s 1000th goal
The Brazilian footballer, often considered to be the greatest athlete of the 20th century, made his 1,000th professional goal against Vasco da Gama at the Maracana stadium in Rio de Janeiro.
1943 Janowska camp uprising
The concentration camp in occupied Poland was set up in 1941. In November 1943, in anticipation of the advancement of Soviet troops, the Nazis tried to evacuate the camp and used the inmates to remove traces of executions and mass killings in the past. On this day, the inmates staged an uprising and attempted to escape. Most escapees, however, were recaptured and killed.
1794 Signing of the Jay Treaty
The treaty, officially known as, Treaty of Amity Commerce and Navigation, between His Britannic Majesty and The United States of America, was signed between representatives of the United States and Britain. It called for the British to surrender northwestern posts to the U.S. and for them to consider the United States as a most favored nation for trade between the two countries.
Births On This Day – 19. November
1941 Tommy Thompson
American politician, 42nd Governor of Wisconsin
1917 Indira Gandhi
Indian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of India
1888 José Raúl Capablanca
Cuban chess player
1831 James A. Garfield
American politician, 20th President of the United States
1600 Charles I of England
Deaths On This Day – 19. November
1924 Thomas H. Ince
American actor, director, producer
1918 Joseph F. Smith
American religious leader, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
1850 Richard Mentor Johnson
American politician, 9th Vice President of the United States
1828 Franz Schubert
1798 Wolfe Tone