What Happened On This Day – 23. November
2009 Maguindanao massacre in the Philippines
Considered to be the worst attack on journalists in recorded history, the massacre occurred in the southern Philippines, when 57 citizens and journalists en route to register voters in Esmael Mangudadatu for the upcoming gubernatorial elections, were killed by gunmen and buried. 34 journalists were killed on the day.
2005 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf elected as President of Liberia
The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize winner is also the first woman to be elected as head of state in an African country.
1976 First person to dive 100 meters in the sea without breathing equipment
Frenchman Jacques Mayol, who is also sometimes known as Dolphin Man, was 49 years old at the time. He broke his own record 7 years later by diving 105 meters.
1963 Doctor Who debuts on TV
The longest running science fiction TV show first aired with an episode called An Earthly Child on the British Broadcasting Channel. The show that has had 11 different actors play the lead role, follows the time-traveling adventures of Doctor Who, who uses the Time and Relative Dimension in Space or TARDIS to jump around in time and space.
1910 Last person to be executed in Sweden
Johan Alfred Ander was convicted of murdering Victoria Hellsten during a robbery of a currency exchange. He was the only person in Swedish history to be executed using a guillotine. Capital punishment in the country was abolished for all peacetime crimes in 1921 and for all crimes in 1973.
Births On This Day – 23. November
1992 Miley Cyrus
American singer-songwriter, actress
1982 Asafa Powell
1950 Chuck Schumer
1859 Billy the Kid
912 Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Deaths On This Day – 23. November
2014 Marion Barry
American politician, 2nd Mayor of the District of Columbia
2006 Alexander Litvinenko
2006 Willie Pep
1990 Roald Dahl
English pilot, author, screenwriter
Romanian judge, author