What Happened On This Day – 7. Oktober
2001 War in Afghanistan begins
American and British troops began air strikes against Al Qaeda and Taliban targets after the Taliban refused to hand over Osama bin-Laden, the mastermind of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, and other Al Qaeda operatives, to the United States. Nicknamed Operation Enduring Freedom, the military strikes were part of the so-called Global War on Terror.
1996 Fox News broadcasts for the first time
The 24-hour news channel with the slogan Fair and Balanced was created by Australian-American businessman and media tycoon, Rupert Murdoch. Today, it is one of the most watched news channels in the United States.
1959 People on Earth Get the First Glimpse of the Dark Side of the Moon
Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 took pictures of the far side of the Moon. The images sent by the probe covered about 70% of the far side of Earth’s natural satellite and they were instrumental in helping astronomers make the first atlas of the dark side of the Moon. The far or dark side of the Moon is the side of the Moon that cannot be seen from Earth because of the way the Moon orbits around the Earth and rotate on its own axis. Due to lunar libration, people on Earth can see about 59% of the Moon over time.
1944 Auschwitz-Birkenau Sonderkommando Revolt
The short-lived rebellion was staged by prisoners who worked at a crematorium after they learned that the Nazis planned to execute most of the squad. The revolt was quickly put down, and over 450 people were killed.
1919 KLM is formed
The official airline of the Netherlands, Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V. or KLM, is the oldest airline that still operates under its original name. The first flight of the airline took place on May 17, 1920 between London and Amsterdam in a leased airplane.
Births On This Day – 7. Oktober
1982 Jermain Defoe
1967 Toni Braxton
American singer-songwriter, producer, actress
1952 Vladimir Putin
Russian politician, 4th President of Russia
1931 Desmond Tutu
South African archbishop, activist, Nobel Prize laureate
1885 Niels Bohr
Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
Deaths On This Day – 7. Oktober
2012 Heriberto Lazcano Lazcano
Mexican drug lord
1896 Emma Darwin
English wife of Charles Darwin
1849 Edgar Allan Poe
American author, poet
1792 George Mason
1708 Guru Gobind Singh