What Happened On This Day – 2 September
1960 The First election of the Tibetan Parliament in Exile is held
The parliamentary body of the Central Tibetan Administration was elected and formed by Tibetan exiles in India. The day is celebrated as Democracy Day among Tibetan exiles.
1946 Interim government of India is formed
The interim government and the Constituent Assembly of India were given the task to oversee India's transition to independence from British rule. The government was headed by Jawaharlal Nehru.
1789 U.S. Department of the Treasury is formed
The department is responsible for managing the government's revenue and spending. Alexander Hamilton was the first Secretary of the Treasury
1752 U.K. adopts the Gregorian Calendar
The calendar, also sometimes known as the Western Calendar, is one of the most widely used calendars today. Prior to the switch, Britain and its territories followed the Julian Calendar. Due to the change, the British lost 11 days when September 2 was followed by September 14.
1666 A fire ravishes the city of London
Also known as the Great Fire of London, the fire broke out in a bakery and raged for 4 days destroying the houses of most inhabitants of the city.
Births On This Day – 2 September
1982 Joey Barton
1966 Salma Hayek
Mexican/American actress, director, producer
1964 Keanu Reeves
1953 Ahmad Shah Massoud
1913 Bill Shankly
Scottish footballer, manager
Deaths On This Day – 2 September
1973 J. R. R. Tolkien
English philologist, author
1969 Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese politician, 1st President of Vietnam
1948 Sylvanus Morley
American archaeologist, scholar
1937 Pierre de Coubertin
French historian, educator, founded the International Olympic Committee
1910 Henri Rousseau