What Happened On This Day – 21. September
2013 The Westgate Mall is attacked in Nairobi, Kenya
In a daring siege, militants of the extremist group al-Shabaab took over the Mall. 63 shoppers were killed during the attack that lasted a few hours, and before the Kenyan security forces rescued the hostages, 4 terrorists were also killed. Al-Shabaab declared that it had undertaken the attack as retaliation for the presence of Kenyan armed forces in Somalia.
1964 Malta gains its independence from the UK
The southern European island country came under British control in 1814 as part of the Treaty of Paris. The country initially retained the Queen of England as its head of state but declared itself a republic on December 13, 1974.
1961 Boeing CH-47 Chinook takes flight for the first time
The American-made helicopter has been used by the US military in a variety of conflict-related operations including during the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. It has also been often used for medical evacuation and search and rescue operations during natural disasters around the world.
1942 Boeing B-29 Superfortress flies for the first time
The bomber was used extensively by the US in World War II and the Korean War. The two planes – Enola Gay and Bockscar – that dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were from the silverplate series of Boeing B-29s.
1937 JRR Tolkien's The Hobbit is published for the first time
The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a young adult fantasy novel that follows the adventures of the hobbit Bilbo Baggins as he traverses through Middle Earth to find treasure guarded by a dragon named Smaug.
Births On This Day – 21. September
1957 Kevin Rudd
Australian politician, 26th Prime Minister of Australia
1947 Stephen King
1902 Luis Cernuda
1867 Henry L. Stimson
American statesman, lawyer, politician
1866 H. G. Wells
Deaths On This Day – 21. September
2011 Troy Davis
1982 Ivan Bagramyan
Soviet military leader
1860 Arthur Schopenhauer
1832 Walter Scott
Scottish novelist, poet
1558 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor